This reindeer is a domesticated form of the mountain reindeer but is smaller than the forest reindeer. They are usually grey with lightly coloured legs but can be other colours some are totally white. They eat herbs, grass and brushwood in summer and lichen in winter. The Sami reindeer live in groups just like wild reindeer and they travel between different areas when searching for food.
Today, there are approximately 250,000 domesticated reindeer in Sweden, all of which graze freely in the northern parts of the country. The reindeer is one of the most versatile domesticated animals. When alive, reindeer serve as draft and pack animals, and the females can also be milked. A slaughtered reindeer provides not only meat but also horns and bones for crafts, blood, tendons for sewing, hides and leather, and stomachs for containers. Today, the reindeer industry faces many threats. Climate changes result in poorer grazing opportunities and an increase in parasites, predators take a significant number of reindeer, and mines, roads, snowmobiles, and hunting disrupt the reindeer’s grazing lands and their essential grazing peace.